United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194
December 11, 1948
United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194
December 11, 1948
The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel
May 14, 1948
Ben-Gurion wrote this document in order to declare to the world that Israel is a state. He wanted to establish it as a Jewish state, where Jews could be safe from persecution. He wanted Jews to be able to immigrate freely.
Valuable to a historian studying Jewish history, because it says exactly why Palestine is such an important area to the Jews.
Valuable to a historian studying European history, because it shows where many of the Jews who emigrated from Europe went.
Valuable to a historian studying comparative history, because the United States Declaration of Independence is similar to this document. They both set up a state where people can live freely.
Valuable to a historian studying the Middle East, because it shows the approximate cause of the 1948 war.
Limiting to a historian studying the Arabs, because it does not say how they can immigrate.
Limiting to a historian studying government, because the document does not outline the Israeli government.
It has been said, “After it’s all said and done, no single group, government, or institution is responsible for the manner in which the British Mandate of Palestine was partitioned.” This is most likely false, as the U.N. voted on the issue of partitioning Palestine. The U.N. was the group that decided that Palestine would be split. They wanted to end the fighting in the Middle East. However, by partitioning Palestine, they started a war between the Arabs and Jews over the independence of the state of Israel.
The international community has a huge responsibility to the survivors of the Holocaust. They have to accept what happened and welcome the survivors with open arms.
Most countries during the Holocaust did not let Jews immigrate. They closed their gates to the Jews of Europe. An example is the S.S. St. Louis. It was a passenger ship which was full of Jews who wanted to leave Germany after Kristallnacht. It was headed towards Cuba. However, upon reaching Cuba, the passengers were told by the Cuban government that they could not enter Cuba. They were refused entry into Cuba. They eventually had to leave Cuba and go back to Europe. Some of the passengers were allowed to go to Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Holland. However, the rest had to go back to Germany, where they were condemned to death in concentration camps. More information about the S.S. St. Louis can be found here.
The international community, including the U.S., has responsibilities to the survivors of the Holocaust to allow Jews to immigrate and make sure their story is told so that something like this never happens again. It also had the responsibility of liberating the people who were in the concentration camps and ghettos. The international community has fulfilled this responsibility. However, some groups, such as Hamas, deny the Holocaust. Hamas probably denies the Holocaust because they realize that if a Jewish State was established in Palestine, the Holocaust may not have happened. This is because the Jews would have had a place to go where they would not be persecuted. The Holocaust is a reason for the Jews to establish a homeland. However, because Hamas denies it, they do not believe that the Jews need a homeland in Palestine.
The Dreyfus Affair happened before the Holocaust, yet it revived Anti-Semitism in Europe. A man named Alfred Dreyfus was sent to prison and stripped of his military rank in France, most likely because he was Jewish. Theodor Herzl says that this is the reason that Jews need a homeland.
More information about the Dreyfus Affair can be found here.
The British government had complete control over what happened in Palestine during the inter-war period. At the beginning they said that they were going to help the Arabs. The Arabs were first promised that an independent Arab state would be created in the Middle East. Then, they were told that they could not be independent. Then, they found out that not only would they would not be getting a state, the Jews would.
In the McMahon-Hussein Correspondence, the Arabs were promised that they would be independent in the Middle East. The Sykes-Picot Agreement broke this contract when the British and French divided the Middle East and set up mandates. In the Balfour Declaration, the Jews got Palestine as a homeland, but the Arabs were not even mentioned. This probably is what has led to the tension between Israel and the surrounding Arab countries today. The Arabs believe that they were cheated, and want what they were promised.
The obstacles that prevented Arabs from articulating their rights and interests in Palestine during the inter-war period were the U.N. and President Woodrow Wilson. Woodrow Wilson broke his wartime promises to the Arabs by withdrawing from the negotiations. The U.N. decided on the mandate arrangements.
The president of the U.S., Woodrow Wilson, withdrew from the negotiations involving peace. This left the fate of the Middle East to the British and French. Of course, they only served their own purposes and took the area for themselves. However, they did not control the territory directly; they set up mandates. These mandates were administered like trusts by the French and British. The promises to the Arabs during the war were ignored, because the mandate of Palestine was very similar to the Picot-Sykes Agreement.
The U.N. watched over the mandates and based the preamble of the Palestine mandate on the Balfour Declaration. This answered the question of a Jewish homeland, but ignored the Arabs in the region. The Jews were given rights, but the Arabs were not. The Arabs were never mentioned in the document. The rights and interests of Arabs were ignored.
Three documents affecting the Arab population in Jerusalem have been uncovered recently by our invisible spybots. These documents are: the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, the Sykes-Picot Agreement, and the Balfour Declaration. These documents are very important and must be explained to the public.
The Hussein-McMahon Correspondence has been written by the British to give us independence in exchange for our support of Britain. There is, unfortunately, a confusing part of the document. The British used the word “wilayah” interchangeably to refer to an Ottoman administrative unit and a district. It would seem that the British do not want to include us in the new independent Arab state. They claim the document excluded the area west of the districts of Aleppo, Hama, and Homs. We are being excluded from the independent Arab state.
The Sykes-Picot Agreement was written to take away the Arab state’s independence. This is completely unfair to the Arab population. This document takes away the promised independence simply for the benefit of the British and French.
The Balfour Declaration made the area of Palestine into a Jewish homeland. As we live here, this is not fair to us. The Jewish population is benefiting at our expense. We in Jerusalem will have nowhere to go.